Apple breeding initiatives in Europe
Apples are the most prominent fruit produced in Europe. However, their organic production is very challenging and most cultivars can only be produced economically with copper application to combat fungal diseases. Therefore, the existing cultivars need to be replaced by more resilient genotypes also considering improvement of the rootstocks for better adaptation to organic soil and fertility conditions.
LIVESEED connects existing and new organic apple breeding initiatives to join forces and share knowledge and genetic resources.
The map below illustrates a non-exhaustive list of apple breeding initiatives across Europe: