Policy brief: Systems-based Plant Breeding
In order to reach the goals set out for organic farming in the EU, the most important organic input – organic seed – must be made widely available. To create new varieties for organic farming in a sustainable way, the organic plant breeding sector must be further developed. New breeding models, such as the systems-based breeding, rethink the relationships around organic plant breeding and embed the sector into the wider sustainability context. In this new concept “system” is defined as the space that encompasses the civil society, policy, nature, agriculture and value chains as interrelated and mutually dependent components.
The systems-based breeding approach was developed as part of the work on innovative breeding strategies for organic agriculture (WP3). This brief is aiming to inform policy-makers and provide recommendations to policy-makers based on integrating the model in different policies and instruments.
Policy brief: Boosting organic seed production and use: An integrated analysis of policy impacts for three crop-country cases
In view of the plans in new EU Organic Regulation to phase out the use of non-organic seed by 2036 in organic farming, the effects of policy and financial interventions in the organic storage carrot seed sector in Germany, in organic durum wheat in Italy, and in perennial ryegrass seed in the UK were modelled.
This brief provides recommendations based on research results. The modelling exercise was carried out as part of the work on Socio-Economic Aspects of Organic Breeding and Seed Production (WP4).